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WELDER (Duration: One Year)



During the one year duration a candidate is trained on subjects Professional Skill, Professional Knowledge, Engineering Drawing, Workshop Science & Calculation and Employability Skills related to job role. In addition to this a candidate is entrusted to undertake project work and extracurricular activities to build up confidence. The broad components covered under Professional Skill subject are as below:
The practical skills are imparted in simple to complex manner & simultaneously theory subject is taught in the same fashion to apply cognitive knowledge while executing task. The safety aspects covers components like OSH & E, PPE, Fire extinguisher, First Aid and in addition 5S being taught. The practical part starts with edge preparation by hacksawing, filing and fitting followed by Oxy Acetylene Welding & Brazing, Oxy Acetylene Cutting, Shielded Metal Arc Welding, Gas Metal Arc Welding, Gas Tungsten Arc Welding and Spot Welding, Plasma Cutting and Arc Gouging. These processes are widely used in Industries.
During the practice on Welding / Brazing process, the trainees will learn to read the job drawing, select the required base metal and filler metals, cut the metals by appropriate process, carry out edge preparation, setup the plant and do welding/Brazing on M.S, SS, Aluminium and Copper in different positions. On completion of each job the trainees will also evaluate their jobs by visual inspection, and identify the defects for further correction/improvement. They learn to adapt precautionary measures such as preheating; maintaining inter-pass temperature and post weld heat treatment for Welding Alloy steel, Cast Iron etc. The Work Shop calculation taught will help them to plan and cut the required jobs economically without wasting the material and also used in estimating the Electrodes, filler metals etc. The Workshop Science taught will help them to understand the materials and properties, effect of alloying elements etc. Engineering Drawing taught will be applied while reading the job drawings and will be useful in understanding the location, type and size of weld to be carried out.
The professional knowledge taught will be useful in understanding the principles of Welding, Brazing and Cutting process, use of jigs and Fixtures, distortion and methods of control, selection of consumables and to take precautionary measures for storage and handling and apply the same for executing the Cutting, Welding and Brazing.
The knowledge and practice imparted on Destructive and Non-destructive testing will be use in understanding the standard quality of welds and to carry out shop floor Inspection and test in laboratories. One project need to be completed by the candidates in a group. In addition to above components the core skills components viz., Workshop calculation & science, Engineering drawing, employability skills are also covered. These core skills are essential skills which are necessary to perform the job in any given situation.


The Directorate General of Training (DGT) under Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship offers a range of vocational training courses catering to the need of different sectors of economy/ Labour market. The vocational training programmes are delivered under the aegis of Directorate General of Training (DGT). Craftsman Training Scheme (CTS) with variants and Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) are two pioneer schemes of DGT for strengthening vocational training.
Welder trade under CTS is one of the most popular courses delivered nationwide through a network of ITIs. The course is of one-year duration. It mainly consists of Domain area and Core area. In the Domain area (Trade Theory & Practical) imparts professional skills and knowledge, while the core area (Workshop calculation & Science, Engg. Drawing and Employability Skill) imparts requisite core skills, knowledge, and life skills. After passing out the training program, the trainee is awarded National Trade Certificate (NTC) by DGT which is recognized worldwide.

Trainee broadly needs to demonstrate that they are able to: