1) Technical education & Vocational training is an essential tool to support economic growth & Social development, creation of national wealth and contribute in eradication of poverty by generating employment potentials of under-privileged & aspiring unemployed youth for national sustainable development of any country.
India has over 15,000 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) of which 85% are run by the private sector and 15% are government-funded. As per skill gap reports it is estimated that from 2013-22 there will be an incremental demand of 10 crore skilled workers i.e. an average of one crore skilled workers every year. All ITIs put together have only 25 lakh seats per annum. While capacity is a constraint, industries which employ ITI pass outs do not find the quality of training imparted to the students up to their standards.
To bridge this disconnect between ITI trainees’ learning outcomes and the industry requirements and making the labour workforce market relevant, equitable, efficient with high quality, the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) introduced the scheme “Dual System of Training” (DST) wef. August, 2016 session. After the meeting on 6th June 2016 with the representatives of State Directorates, Govt ITI Associations, Private ITI Associations and Industries and subsequent discussion on 10th June 2016 at Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE),
New Delhi with all State Directors, it was decided to start ‘Dual System of Training’ w.e.f. session August 2016 in ITIs.
2) The Objective of DST scheme is to enable industries and establishments to partner with Government and Private ITIs for conducting training programmes under high employability courses so as to fulfil their skilled manpower requirements. The DST is an amalgamation of theoretical training imparted through ITIs and practical training imparted through the Industry. DST helps enable Industry linkages and provide hands on experience to students on industries latest/ updated technologies. Under the DST scheme, the courses are conducted to meet the skilled workforce requirements of Industry so that after completion of training, the trainee who are awarded National Trade Certificate (NTC) under the scheme have an edge over regular ITI pass outs in terms of employability and employment opportunities in Industry. With the vision of strengthening Industry linkages and acquainting students in ITIs with latest technologies used in the Industry, DGT encourages ITIs to participate in the DST program so that these ITI trainees are Industry ready.
3) The Dual System of Training which is currently operational in 17 trades will be expanded to all the trades including service sector trades, and trades in new and emerging sectors. All these courses will be NSQF aligned.
4) Under the Dual System, theory portion and basics about safety and tools, equipment along with basic practical will be conducted in the ITIs.
5) For Practical, Trainees will be required to undergo on-the-job training in an industry.
6) For two year courses, the practical training in Plant is of 09 months and for one year Course it is of 05 months.
7) During on-job training period the trainees were paid stipend “70% of minimum wages for semi skilled worker notified by the respective State Govt./Union Territory as payable to apprentices as per the stipend payable to Apprentices.
However, as per revised norms Now Industry may pay suitable stipend through Direct Beneficiary Transfer (DBT), as worker wages.
8) No of Seats : Bokaro Pvt. ITI have approval from Member Secretary, NCVT for 3rd shift. Now, the strength will be as under:
9) The Industry Partner may train the trainee at multiple locations, to train him/her on multiple skills. For e.g. in Automotive Sector, a trainee may be exposed to production/assembly line, repair/service workshop, as well as sales function at a dealership.
10) Assessment and Certification: It will be carried out as per DGT/NCVT norms for the trade theory including practical portion conducted in ITI workshop. Industrial Training of the trainee shall be assessed by the industry partner.
11) Admission and Examination: The admission and examination pattern for the scheme shall be same as it is for the Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS).
12) Degree: After successful completion of training National Trade Certificate (NTC) mentioning Dual Model shall be awarded to the trainees.
13) Role of Industry : As per the scheme the Industry has to assign trainer(s), follow curriculum, prepare a weekly training schedule, maintain training progress diary, provide training in domain skills and supervise the trainees.
The ITI instructors shall have to accompany the trainees to the Plant and they will provide required assistance for these jobs which is prescribed for industries.
14) Benefits to Company: Availability of Skilled & trained manpower for dynamically changing Technologies of Industry by imparting industry-specific skill, culture and knowledge. Also develop skilled human resources for manufacturing units and first-time entrepreneurs, by equipping them for the high-volume production anticipated in the manufacturing and various other sector.
Previously 2.5 to 10% of total work force including contractual workers is to be engaged as apprentices. As the DST trainees were registered under optional trades in the apprenticeship portal, they were being accounted for the total apprentices engaged by the company. However Now, BSL may showcase the project at State and National level as BPITI & SAIL-BSL were first in the state to implement it.
During on-job training period the trainees use to pay Rs 1/- per trainees as certification charge for availing the On Job training.
15) Employers were eligible for financial benefits under the National Apprentice Promotion Scheme (NAPS).For availing the benefit under the NAPS, the trainee shall have to get registered in the apprenticeship portal (http://www.apprenticeship.gov.in). Company may be eligible for incentive as admissible to Industries/Establishment under the NAPS scheme. Dual System of Training has been delinked from NAPS, DST trainees will not be reimbursed under NAPS and their examination shall be conducted as per DST guidelines since they would be obtaining NTC certificate and not NAC certificate. For all the existing and earlier batches enrolled under DST scheme wherein MoU was signed before the date of issue of latest guidelines (i.e. enrolled in 2016, 2017, 2018 as per earlier guidelines), stipend paid by Industry Partner under NAPS is to be reimbursed in accordance with the prevailing guidelines of that time(i.e. NAPS linkage).
16) Bokaro Pvt. ITI (BPITI) was established under the aegis of CSR of company and running smoothly through Bokaro Ispat Educational Trust (BIET) since last 6 years. Addition of 100 seats in long run will ensure sustainability of the ITI.
17) As per the scheme, the Trainees shall be on the role of the Institute even when they are working in the Industry. The institute will be the main custodian. Hence there will be no claim such as Medical, Accommodation and employment etc by the Trainees from BSL.>